Artiflex Phakic Intraocular Lens Implantation after Corneal Collagen Cross-linking in Keratoconic Eyes

Journal of Refractive Surgery

Luis.Izquierdo,Maria.A.Henriquez,Martin.McCarthy

2011:27:7:482-487

PURPOSE:
To evaluate the safety, efficacy, and stability of the Artiflex (Ophtec BV) foldable anterior iris-claw phakic intraocular lens (PIOL) following corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in select cases of progressive keratoconus.

METHODS:
This prospective, comparative study, conducted between March 2007 and June 2008, involved 11 eyes with progressive keratoconus. Inclusion criteria were progressive keratoconus (Amsler-Krumeich classification grades I and II) with no corneal opacities, corneal thickness >450 µm, endothelial cell count >2500 cells/mm2, anterior chamber depth >3.2 mm, spherical equivalent refraction >4.50 diopters (D) (with a cylinder component <2.00 D), and no other treatment for keratoconus other than contact lens. Each patient underwent CXL in the keratoconic eye with implantation of the Artiflex IOL 6 months thereafter. Uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA), corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA), and refraction and topographic profiles were examined at 1, 6, and 12 months after the CXL procedure.

RESULTS:
All eyes achieved UDVA of 0.3 logMAR or better. Final spherical and cylindrical error ranged from 0 to -1.50 D and 0 to -1.75 D, respectively. No eyes lost lines of preoperative CDVA. Statistically significant reductions in mean maximum (2.14 D, P<.001) and minimum (1.17 D, P=.02) keratometry values were present 12 months after the CXL procedure. No complications were observed.

CONCLUSIONS:
Combined CXL and Artiflex implantation was a safe and effective treatment in this subset of eyes with progressive keratoconus. Good results in terms of visual acuity, postoperative residual refractive error, and keratometry values were identified.

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