Raimondo Forte, Paola Bonavolontà, Yohan Benayoun, Jean Paul Adenis, Pierre-Yves Robert
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of triple therapy with intravitreal anti-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor (VEGF) antibody, dexamethasone and verteporfin photodynamic therapy (PDT) for exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD).
Retrospective, comparative, interventional study. Records of treatment-naïve patients who received intravitreal bevacizumab or ranibizumab in monotherapy or in combination with dexamethasone and full-fluence verteporfin PDT in triple therapy were reviewed. logMAR visual acuity, foveal thickness (FT) on optical coherence tomography, intraocular pressure and endophthalmitis occurrence were recorded.
Sixty-one eyes were included in the triple-therapy group, 40 eyes were included in the monotherapy group. The mean follow-up was 14.1 ± 3.4 months in the triple-therapy group and 16.3 ± 4.1 months in the monotherapy group. The triple-therapy group enjoyed a lower total number of treatments (1.92 ± 0.44 vs. 3.12 ± 0.37, p < 0.001) and a longer time before first retreatment (5.4 ± 3.3 vs. 3.6 ± 2.5 months, p = 0.001). A significant improvement of visual acuity and FT was present in both groups during the 12 months following first treatment. No adverse effects were observed.
The combination of intravitreal bevacizumab or ranibizumabwith dexamethasone and full-fluence PDT for exudative AMD provided visual and anatomic improvement and a good safety profile. Triple therapy may reduce the number of retreatments when compared to anti-VEGF alone.